GRYP from the Netherlands
Grip, Grijp, Gryp, Gryep and Griep in different forms in different regions

> [Nederlands]

 
 
  What is now Belgium, the Netherlands and a part of northern France, was once known as 'The Netherlands'.

In many regions, from Duinkerke to Groningen, lived families with the names Griep, Grip, Gryp and Grijp. Some of them, like those from Twenthe, Flanders and Zeeland, still live on, while those from Holland and Groningen seems to have died out.

Are those families related in some way? It could be possible, but there is no evidence for that yet.

On this page a brief description of the families that live within the present area of the Netherlands. There is another page with Grijp from Flanders.

 
 

GRIP, GRIJP AND GRIEP FROM TWENTHE

 
 
  THE OLDEST RECORDS

In a declaration made in 1207 by bishop Dirk II of Utrecht, the name of Arnoldus Grip is mentioned. This could be the same person as 'Knight Grip of Merste', who is mentioned in documents in 1213 and in 1214, carrying title of 'ministeriaal van Vredhena' (of the abbey of Vreden). Arnoldus Grijp also appeared in 1216 as a witness in a declaration, made by the next bishop of Utrechts, Otto, in which this bishop confirms the rights that he gave to the abbey of Weerselo.

Some 80 year later the same name appeared again in that region, maybe a grandson? This time Arnoldus Grip, knight of Almelo, is mentioned in the years 1297, 1299 and 1308 in several declerations of the bishop of Utrecht. From 1331 to 1333 Arnoldus Grip is rector of a school in Vreden.

In the 17-th and 18-th century, several descendants of Rolof Grip, born around 1600, held high offices at Nordhorn, a city just east of the present Dutch border. In the beginning their names were written as Griep and Gryp, but ultimately Grijp became the surname of this patrician family in the Netherlands Around 1800 a offshoot aroused that carry the name 'Specht Grijp'. Both branches live on into recent years.

The hamlet of 'Griep', near the German border in the Twenthe region

  GRIEP FROM TWENTHE

Almost eight centuries after the first Arnoldus, there is still a family by the name Griep living in and around the village of Weerselo. Their oldest known ancestor is from 1657. In that year Jacobus Grijp(inck) decided to leave the parental farm at Volthe, and became the ancestor of the families Griepink and Grijpink.

His sisters stayed behind on the farm, and one of them married a man named Geert. After the name of the farm, he adopted Grijp(inck) as his surname. This procedure repeated a few times, and ultimately the part of the family that stayed behind at Volthe carried the names Griep and Oude Griep.

See for more about this family: Grijp/Griep from Twenthe and the County of Bentheim.

 
 

GRIJP FROM HOLLAND

 
 
  In the Dutch province of Holland, the name Grijp, sometimes written as Griep, is recorded from the 14-th century on. They owned land, hold positions like alderman, mayor, bailiff and in the end they were the owners of Valckensteyn castle. After the reformation they remained catholic. Some of them moved to the south, others stayed to live at Valckensteyn castle, where the last male heir died in 1704.

In 1434 the name Nikolaas Grijp could be found in feudal registers in Rijswijk, near The Hague. Also his son Floris appeared in those documents. This son, Florijs Grijp Claessoen, had in 1463 the function of 'Scout van Valkenburgh ende Catwijck'. And in 1468 he is 'baljuw van Den Haag' (bailiff of The Haque).

Up to the 16th century, members of this Grijp family (also written as Griep, Gryp and Gryep) held important positions in places like The Hague, Delft, Brielle and Dordrecht. After the reformation and the uprising of the northern part of the Netherlands, they remained Catholic, and move to the southern part that stayed Spanish.
A part of the family although adopted the name of Grijph van Valckesteyn end choose to stays in Holland. They settled in Valckesteyn castle, near the village of Poortugaal, where this branch of the family died out.

Look for this family on page: Een Hollandse familie Grijp.

 
 

GRIJP FROM GRONINGEN

 
 
  In 1424 the name Grijp first appears in an official document in Groningen: on a list of the Brewers Guild of 'Utinghe Cluft'. This old and patrician family is also the origin of the founder of Nikolaas Grijp, who in 1476 founded 'Grijpskerk'.
But in 1527 things were different. Johan Grijp then played a role in a rebellion in Groningen, and is referred to as "an unreasonable and malicious rogue and troublemaker".

AN OLD PATRICIAN FAMILY

Records, found at the National Archive of Groningen:

  • Clawes Grijp (also Claes or Nikolaas) is noted as a member of the Brewers Guild. In 1424 his name is on the list of the ones from 'Utinghe Cluft'. From 1440 to 1457 he hold the important office of member of the 'Hoofdmannenkamer', which is a kind of High Court. His son Junghe Clawes Grijp ('Young Nikolaas') is also a member of the Brewers Guild and member of the above mentioned High Court.
  • Nikolaas Gryp, the one that founded the village of Grijpskerk in 1476, seems to have also his origins in the same old and patrician family in Groningen. He lives on Grijp Castle, also called 'Huis Reitsema', that is situated south of the village (where is now the 'Jonkerslaan').
  • Other records mentioned Fosse Grijps (1454), Johan Grijp and his brother Herman Grijp (1477), Johan Grijp, 'overrigter' (judge) of Groningen, mentioned in 1480, Alijt Ghrijpes (1487), Geertruid Grijpes (in 1493), Jan Gripp, mentioned in 1527 in the registry "Oordelen van de Etstoel" at Groningen and Jan Grijp (1532).
  • Johan Grijp, noted in 1569. About this man the following text can be found: Johan Gryp, Lubbert Gryps bastard son, an unreasonable and malicious rogue and troublemaker. He plays a role in a rebellion in Groningen in 1527.
  • Andries Grijph, 'grietman' (judge) of Utingeradeel in 1550. His name appaers in several varieties: Grijp, Grijph, Grijf, Grieff and Griff. The name if his wife is Foppinga. They have a son: Ofke Grijph, also 'grietman of Utingeradeel, in succession of his father in 1575. In 1580 he is indicted as being a fugitive, and in the same year he is killed in action in the battle on Hardenberg Moor. The name of his wife is Iets Pieters and they have a son: Erasmus Grijph.
 

STUDENTS FROM AND AT GRONINGEN

In the middle of the 15th century, Arnoldus Grijp from Groningen studied at Cologne. He made a poem in honor of one of the Abbots of the Aduard monastery. Later on, Arnoldus Grijp called himself 'Professor at Aduard'.

The following students are listed as student at Franeker University: Gabriel Gryp, 1640, "Nobilis Suecus, inr.".
Haico Gryp
from Ostfriesland, in 1693 to Groningen, in 1696 theology-student.
Harinck Grijp
, "Weneranus Frisus Orientalis", 1699; in 1702 to Groningen.

K.J. TILBUSSCHER GRIJPSKERK AND VINCINITY

In march 1940 a booklet was published by K.J. Tilbusscher about the village of Grijpskerk. In this booklet, the following passages can be found about the founder of the village, Nikolaas Grijp, and the family of his origin:

"The coat of arms of the Grijp family shows a griffin (=grijp in Dutch). The griffin is an fabulous animal: the upper half is an eagle and the lower half a lion. A griffin in a coat of arms generally is connected with influential power and moreover acuteness, forethought, in combination with cautiousness and insight. As heraldic symbol, the griffin first appears in northeast Germany: in Mecklenburg and in Pomerania. At the end of the 12th century the griffin also comes to the Netherlands, as a result of influences from Poland. In Poland the griffin became well-known as the heraldic symbol of the old and influential noble family Grijp."

The griffin on the Grijpskerk church >>

 
 

GRYP AND GRIEP FROM ZEELAND

 
 
  From the 16-th century on, persons by the name Griep/Gryp/Grijp live on the different islands that form the Dutch province of Zeeland. In the oldest records Grieps are only mentioned incidentally, without the possibility to establish any relationships.

THE OLDEST RECORDS

The first few time that the name Gryp appeared in the province of Zeeland, the name is used as a first name: in 1359 a man called Gryps s. became a citizen of Zierikzee, in 1445 Gryp Janszone at 'Tsaertskerke in Z-Beveland' got payed for doing ground-work, in 1481 Jan Grijpssone became a citizen of Veere and from 1533 to 1541 Mr. Francoes Grijpse, doctor in medicine, is an alderman of Zierikzee.
From 1577 on Grijp/Gryp/Griep also appeared as a surname:

  • Johannes Grijp is mentioned in 1577 in a registre of life-annuities. Mauritius Jansz Grijp, probably his son, was noted in 1580 and 1582 in the records of the Court of Holland.
  • In 1587, the name Jacob Grijp is recorded as a lease-holder of land in the Oost-Hinkelenpolder, a polder east of the village of Kruiningen.
  • In Vlissingen (Flushing), a notification is found from the year 1590 that authorized Jan Griep and in 1592 Frans Griep, to institute a legal proceeding before the Court of Holland.
  • In 1622 Hans Grijp, a widower from Ostfriesland and a soldier, noticed his intended marriage at Goes.
  • Jan Gryp Adriaensz. was baptized in 1626 at Bruinisse. Later on, he married in that same place to Maytje Prancke from Flanders. They had three children: Adriaen, Prancke and Marinus. From his brother Cornelis four children were registered.

SOME GRYP'S OR GRIJP'S CAME FROM THE SOUTH

The war between the Dutch and the Spaniards, that made the region around the River Schelde a war zone, brought people from the other side to the North:

  • Jan Jorissen Grijp was registered on May 17, 1530, as a 'burgher' of Vlissingen. He came from Sluis.
  • In 1583, the Prince of Orange made Mr. Jan Gryp, former 'pensionaris' from Dunkirk, a member of the Admiralty. The Admiralty had to be founded again at Vlissingen (Flushing, now that Dunkirk, where it originally had his seat, had been conquered by the Spanish in 1583.
  • Cornelis Grijp, from Sluis, widower of Catelijne Swulis, married to Neelken Jans, widow of Marijnis Crijnssen, in 1604 at Vlissingen. Possibly his son, Jan Cornelissen Grijp, a sailor from Sluys, married Lysbeth Thomas from Sluys on April 28, 1607, at Vlissingen.
  Halfway the 17-th century, a man by the name Adriaen Griep must have lived in the village of Hoedekenskerke. We know that because of the birth of his son Jan Adriaenszoon Griep in 1666. Whether his ancestors already lived there or also came from the south, is not known.

On September 8,1666, at Hoedekenskerke, a place along the Westerschelde in Zeeland, Jan Adriaenszoon Griep was born. The only things that we know about his parents, is that the were "popish" and were named Adriaen Griep and Neeltje (or Adriaentje) Pauw. Whether they lived in Hoedekenskerke or came from elsewhere is not known.
Jan married on January 27, 1694, with Cornelia Abrams Verschure, who was baptized on January 29, 1673, at Hoedekenskerke as the daughter of Abraham Cornelisse and Pieternella Cornelisse. Two weeks later, Cornelia gave birth to their first child. Ultimately they had six children. Their forth child is Abram Griep, born on July 21,1697, also at Hoedekenskerke. This Abram became the ancestor of almost all persons by the name of Griep that now live in the Netherlands.
For more about this family and their descendants:
Griep from Hoedekenskerke.

FERRY-MEN AND BARGEMEN

These first Grieps all had their occupation on the waterways. Throughout the centuries, several ferries between the different islands of Zeeland were exploited by Grieps. In the later centuries, members of the Griep family also exploited regular market-boats between Zeeland and Rotterdam.

 
 

Do you have more information about the Griep/Grijp/Grip families,
or are you one of them yourself? Please look on page '
how to participate'
how you can tribute to this project, or send an e-mail to
jan.griep@planet.nl.

Home -- Introduction -- How te participate? -- Participants in this project -- The Griffin bird --
Around the North and Baltic Seas -- Gryp from Flanders -- Griep from Germany -- Griep in the USA
Grip/Griep from Norway -- Grip from Sweden -- Grip from Finland -- Grip from France -- Grijp from Nordhorn
Last update of this page (http://home.kpn.nl/artrako/Nederlanden/Nederlanden-EN.html)
on Noevember 4, 2005 by
Jan Griep, Katwijk aan Zee, The Netherlands.