1890. The gentlemen "Nicolas Rose" owned a famous
hotel called "Chateau de Groenendael" at 10 km South from Brussels. Being a dog
lover he owned different long hair shepherds under which the female "Petite". At
the exhibition of Cureghem in 1892 she won the first prize among the black long hair
He then bought from a herdsman in Uccle the beautiful
male "Picard d'uccle" which was an excellent shepherd. The mating between
"Petite" and "Picard d'uccle" gave birth to magnificent black long
hair furs with a great love of work. The best known descendants were definitely the
"Duc de Groenendael", "Margot de Tournai", "Baronne",
"Mirza", "Carlo", "Nette" and "Housière". Petite
died in 1898.
May 1893. The mating between "Piccard d'Uccle" and
"Petite" gave birth to the female "Baronne". She won in 1897 the first
prize at the exhibition in Brussels. A second female from that litter was called
"Mirza" and was sold to Mr. Smets from a place called Boschvoorde.
2nd July 1893. From a following mating between "Picard
d'Uccle" with "Petite" came the female called "Housière".
1894. The mating of "Picard d'Uccle" with "Nette"
gave birth to the male "Carlo". Again Mr. Smets from Boschvoorde bought it with
the intention to start breeding with her. (bloodline)
During the years 1895 till 1899 the crossing between "Carlo"
and "Mirza" delivered us 3 litters with 10 puppies each time. So this branch
only created 30 descendants.
1894. The mating of "Picard d'Uccle"and "Petite"
brought this time to Mr. Rose the female called " Margot de Tournai".
In April 1897 the mating of "Picard d'Uccle" with the daughter
"Margot de Tournai" gave birth to 9 puppies.
In 1897 father "Picard d'Uccle" was mated with the daughter
"Baronne de Tournai".
In 1897 "Duc de Groenendael" was also mated with his half
sisters "Housière de Tournai" and "Margot".
These dogs showed so much dignity, beauty and love for work, that they
became soon very popular and the demand could not keep up with the offer. Strict
inbreeding did strengthen the inheritance factors so that they would be present in their
descendants. Very quickly other people followed the example of Nicolas Rose and bought
from him dogs for breeding
The long hairy black shepherds like those of the "Chateau
Groenendael" from "Groenendael" who resembled strongly to the dog "Duc
de Groenendael" got the name of "GROENENDAEL".
Here an overview of the inbreeding:
Picard d'Uccle x Petite = Duc de Groenendael (inbreed male)
Picard d'Uccle x Petite = Margot de Tournai (female)
Picard d'Uccle x Petite = Housière(female)
Picard d'Uccle x Petite = Baronne en Mirza
Picard d'Uccle x Margot de Tournai = 9
pups from the first mating.
Picard d'Uccle x Nette = Carlo (inbreed male)
Picard d'Uccle x Baronne
Duc de Groenendael x Housière
Duc de Groenendael x Margot de Tournai
Other blood lines emerged too, but each time you could find a dog
belonging to Mr. Rose. Around the 1900rds the Groenendael dog "Pek Zwet"
(meaning very black) was very popular. The inbreeding with a grand niece from "Picard
d'Uccle" brought us the 4 times champion called "Demon de l'enfer". Beside
the Mechelaar the Groenendael also started to be used as a police dog and a training dog.
In 1903 the police force from St. Gillis-Brussel, under the direction of
the chief of police Coppens, gave a demonstration in Mechelen with their Groenendaels.
Their "Satan" made a big impression in Mechelen.
The Groenendael "Jules" got at that time tens of first prizes
at Training Championships and was 4 times on the row the champion at the International
training Championships in Paris.(1908-1911)
The first and second world war was disastrous for the Belgian shepherds.
If the breeding dogs were not killed, they would be stolen and taken to Germany.
Fortunately some could be spared and could insure the continuity of their bloodline.
Kennels like "du Mont-Sara" and "de l'infernal" contributed a lot to
the restoration of the breed. With lots of patience, inbreeding and the right selection,
the Belgian shepherds were revived.
The real Groenendaeler is today very alive thanks to the following
- Kennel SincFal in Brugge St.Michiels,
- Kennel Van Refresti in St. Lievens-Houtem,
- Kennel Van t'Hof ter Dyle in Tielt-Wingene,
- Kennel Du Pays des Flandres in Brecht,
- Kennel Van Steanfra in Ninove,
- Kennel La Poumyroffe in Lokeren.
The white spot on the chest.
- A picture dating from the 19th century shows clearly a Belgian black
shepherd having a white spot on his chest and tows.
- All the dogs from Mr. Rose had a white spot on their chest. So it is
natural to find this on their descendants.
- In 1892 Professor REUL chose as a "good" Groenendael dog the
one with a white spot on his chest.
- Even with such letters of credit many breeders tried to get rid of
that white spotand created a Groenendael that was entirely black.
- Whatever you prefer both became part of the standard.