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Genealogy

AD 725?-1267

Brabant
(the Bidgau, the Bonngau, the Darnau, Hainaut, Leuven, Leuven-Gaesbeek, Lorraine, the Maasgouw, Perwez, Sens, Waldenburg)

Historical notes on Brabant, Genealogical data

For younger generations of ancestors who are descended from this family:
see page on Piast
see page on Gelre (Pont)
see page on Gelre (Wassenberg)
see page on Northeim
see page on Looz
see page on Namur
see page on Roucy
see page on Vermandois
see page on Boulogne
see page on Flanders (younger branch)
see page on Kleve
see page on Vianden
see page on Holland
see page on Sponheim

Historical notes on Brabant

This family's oldest known members were lords of certain areas near the Meuse river in present-day Belgium. It rose steadily in political importance, and two of its members became Margrave and Duke of Lorraine. However, Duke Giselbert lost his dukedom and his life at the battle of Andernach in 939. Reginar (Reinier) II, Duke Giselbert's brother, became Count in (not "of") Hainaut / Henegouwen. Later, Reginar's offspring became Counts of Leuven / Louvain, the area around that city in the Dutch-speaking part of present-day Belgium. In the 9th Century, "Bracbant" was a "gouw" which included the area around Ukkel. Around 1000, this came into the possession of Count Lambert I of Leuven. Brabant became a very important regional power, annexing Limburg in 1288, but as a result of the Eighty Years War (1568-1648) which resulted in an independent, predominantly Protestant Dutch Republic, Brabant was split up. It is now partly in The Netherlands as the Province of "Noord-Brabant" and partly in Belgium.

Genealogical data

Children of
Unknown
and Unknown

(See 41, 40, 39, 38, 37, 36, 35 generations back)

Maineir de Sens
(138 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000000058 %)
* 725? x Unknown + 800?

Children of
Maineir de Sens (?-?)
and Unknown

(See 40, 39, 38, 37, 36, 35, 34 generations back)

Gainfroy de Sens
(138 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000012 %)
* 750? x Theudelinde of Blisgau + ?

Children of
Gainfroy de Sens (750?-?)
and Theudelinde of Blisgau (755?-after 795)

(See 39, 38, 37, 36, 35, 34, 33 generations back)

Theudelinde de Sens
(.. times our ancestor, blood-relationship .. %)
* 775 x Louis I "The Pious", Emperor of Francia (793) + ? (before 794)
For her descendants see the page on ... (Under construction).

Reginar of the Bidgau
(138 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000023 %)
* 790? x ? de Hesbaye + ?

Child of
Reginar of the Bidgau (790?-?)
and ? de Hesbaye (795?-?)

(See 38, 37, 36, 35, 34, 33, 32 generations back)

Giselbert of the Darnau / the Maasgouw
(138 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000046 %)
* 820? x Irmingard of Karolingians (846) + after 14-6-877
Giselbert kidnapped Emperor Lotharius' daughter Irmingard in 846 and quickly married his catch. They became our ancestors, see below. Giselbert was a vassal of Charles II "The Bald" of West-Francia, who could well have orchestrated this kidnap to complicate matters for his half-brother Lotharius, who's Empire he would like to annex.

Children of
Giselbert of the Darnau (the Maasgouw) (?-after 876)
and Irmingard of Karolingians (830-?)

(See 37, 36, 35, 34, 33, 32, 31 generations back)

Adalbert I of the Maasgouw
(35 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000000094 %)
* 847 x Unknown + 928

Reginar (Reinier) I of the Darnau, Margrave of Lorraine, Count in Hainaut
(103 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000083 %)
* 850? x Alberada + between 25-8-915 and 15-1-916
After Louis "The Child", the last Karolingian King of East-Francia (Germany), had died in 911 without heirs, Reginar I and other leaders asked King Charles III "The Simple" of West-Francia to be the ruler of the eastern part of Charlemagne's former Empire as well. Reginar I was made Margrave of Lorraine and was the most powerful regional lord.
For his descendants see below

Children of
Adalbert I of the Maasgouw (847-928)
and Unknown

(See 36, 35, 34, 32 generations back)

Baudry (Lambert) of the Maasgouw
(15 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000014 %)
* 867 x ? of the Betuwe + ? (before 938)
For his descendants see below

Ehrenfried I of the Maasgouw
(20 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000000051 %)
* 868 x Adalgunde Welf (before 890) + ? (after 904)

Children of
Ehrenfried I of the Maasgouw (868-after 904)
and Adalgunde Welf (870-?)

(See ... generations back)

Ebberhardt I of the Bonngau
(20 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000010 %)
* 891 x Unknown + ? (after 938)

Children of
Ebberhardt I of the Bonngau (891-after 938)
and Unknown

(See ... generations back)

Ehrenfried II of the Bonngau
(20 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000021 %)
* 915 x Richwara (933) + 970

Children of
Ehrenfried II of the Bonngau (915-970)
and Richwara (915-?)

(See ... generations back)

Hermann Pusillus of the Bonngau
(20 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000041 %)
* 935 x Heilwige of Dillingen (964) + 16-7-996

Children of
Hermann Pusillus of the Bonngau (935-996)
and Unknown

(See generations back)

Ehrenfried Ezzo of the Bonngau
(20 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000082 %)
* 965 x Mathilde of Saxony (of Germany) (991) + 21-5-1034

Children of
Ehrenfried Ezzo of the Bonngau (965-1034)
and Mathilde of Saxony (of Germany) (after 972-1025)

(See ... generations back)

Richenza of the Bonngau (of Pfalz-Lorraine)
(6 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000030 %)
* 992 (Zutphen) x Mieczyslas II "the Indolent"of Poland (1013) + 21-3-1063 (Saalfeld)
For her descendants see the page on the Piast Kings of Poland

Ludolf of Waldenburg
(6 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000065 %)
* 994 x Mechtild v Zutphen + 10-4-1031
For his descendants see below

Otto of Schwaben
(8 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000069 %)
* 997 x ? of the Nordgau (1014) + 1047

Children of
Otto of Schwaben (997-1047)
and ? of the Nordgau (1000-?)

(See ... generations back)

Richenza Ezzonin of Schwaben
(8 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000014 %)
* 1020 x Otto I of Northeim + ?-3-1081
For her descendants see the page on Northeim

Children of
Ludolf of Waldenburg (994-1031)
and Mechtild v Zutphen (1005-?)

(See ... generations back)

Adelheid of Waldenburg
(6 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000013 %)
* 1030 x Godschalck of Gelre (of Zutphen) + ?
For her descendants see the page on Gelre (Pont)

Children of
Baudry of the Maasgouw (867-before 938)
and ? of the Betuwe (895-?)

(See 35, 34, 33, 31 generations back)

? of the Maasgouw
(15 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000027 %)
* ? (after 912) x Nevelung of the Betuwe + 953)
For the descendants of the unknown daughter see the page on Looz

Children of
Reginar (Reinier) I of the Darnau, Margrave of Lorraine, Count in Hainaut (850?-915?)
and Alberada (860?-?)

(See 36, 35, 34, 33, 32, 31, 30 generations back)

Giselbert, Duke of Lorraine
(11 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000011 %)
* before 890 x Gerberga of Saxony + 3-10-939 (Andernach)
In 919 Giselbert led the revolt against King Charles III who was taken prisoner in 923. The German King Heinrich I "The Fowler" took over control of Lorraine in 925. From then on, it formally remained part of the German Empire until 1648. King Heinrich made Giselbert Duke of Lorraine in 928 and let him marry his daughter Gerberga in order to secure his support. In 936 Heinrich's son Otto I succeeded and started to curb the political influence of Giselbert and other important local rulers. They turned to the King of West-Francia for support. Things were decided in 939 at the battle of Andernach, which Otto won. Giselbert himself drowned in the Rhine, and the duchy of Lorraine was given to Otto's brother Bruno (Brun), Archbishop of Cologne, see the page on the "Liudolfings" of Saxony. Later it ended up with the offspring of Wigeric, Count in the Triergau (Trèves), of the Bidgau, Count Palatine of Aix-la Chapelle (Aachen), Count Palatine of Lorraine.
For Giselbert's descendants see below

Reginar (Reinier) II, Count in Hainaut
(40 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000031 %)
* 880 x Adélaïde of Bourgogne + between 932 and 940
Reginar II's offspring became Counts of Leuven / Louvain, the area around that city in the Dutch-speaking part of present-day Belgium, and eventually in 1106 they were made Dukes of Brabant, an area which is now partly in The Netherlands and partly in Belgium.
For his decendants see below

Symphoria of the Darnau (of Hainaut)
(52 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000012 %)
* 890? x Berengarius in the Lommengouw + 952
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Namur.

Children of
Giselbert, Duke of Lorraine (before 890-915?)
and Gerberga of Saxony (914?-984)

(See 36, 35, 31 generations back)

Alberade of Lorraine (of Hainaut)
(7 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000012 %)
* 930? x Ragenold, Count of Roucy + after ?-5-967
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Roucy.

Gerberga of Lorraine
(4 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000000093 %)
* 935? x Adalbert I of Vermandois + ?
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Vermandois.

Child of
Reginar (Reinier) II, Count in Hainaut (880-between 932 and 940)
and Adélaïde of Bourgogne (?-?)

(See 35, 34, 33, 32, 31 generations back)

Reinier III "Longneck", Count in Hainaut
(40 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000061 %)
* ? x Adèle of Dagsburg (of Eguisheim, of Hohenburg) (947) + 973
Reinier III lost his possessions in 953 to Archbishop Bruno of Cologne (see the page on the "Liudolfings" of Saxony), and was banished in 957 after failing to win them back using force.

Children of
Reinier III "Longneck", Count in Hainaut (?-973)
and Adèle of Dagsburg (of Eguisheim, of Hohenburg) (930?-961?)

(See 34, 33, 32, 31, 30 generations back)

Lambert I ("the Bearded"), Count of Leuven
(32 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000094 %)
* 971? x Gerberga of Lower-Lorraine (before 901) + 12-9-1015 (Florennes)
Lambert died in the battle of Florennes against King Heinrich II of Germany and Duke Godefroid I of Lower-Lorraine in a failed attempt to gain greater independence and to win Lorraine back for his family.
For his descendants see below

Reinier IV, Count in Hainaut
(8 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000029 %)
* ? x Avoise (Hathui, Hedwige) of France (996) + 1013
For his descendants see below

Children of
Lambert I ("the Bearded"), Count of Leuven (971?-1015)
and Gerberga of Lower-Lorraine (?-971?)

(See 32, 31, 30, 29 generations back)

Hendrik I, Count of Leuven
* 990? x ? of Flanders + after 5-8-1038
Hendrik was able to hold on to Leuven in spite of his father's defeat and death in Florennes. Hendrik's wife, who's name is unknown, was a daughter of our ancestors Count Boudewijn IV of Flanders and Otgiva of Luxembourg

Lambert II (Balderik), Count of Leuven
(10 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000093 %)
* 990? x Oda of Verdun (of Lorraine) + after 21-9-1062
Lambert succeeded his brother. His wife Oda was the daughter of Duke Gozelon (Gothelo) I "The Great" of Upper-Lorraine who had remained loyal to King Heinrich II of Germany.
For his descendants see below

Mathilde (Mahaut) of Leuven
(22 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000095 %)
* 990? x Eustache I, Count of Boulogne + ?
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Boulogne

Children of
Reinier IV, Count in Hainaut (?-1013)
and Avoise (Hathui, Hedwige) of France (975-after 1013)

(See 31, 30, 29 generations back)

Beatrix of Hainaut
(6 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000038 %)
* ? x Ebalus I, Count of Roucy, Archbishop of Reims + after 1055
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Roucy

Reinier V, Count of Hainaut
(2 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000019 %)
* 997 x Mathilde of Verdun + after 1039
Reinier's wife may have been related to the "Ardennes" Dukes of Lorraine.

Child of
Reinier V, Count of Hainaut (990?-after 1061)
and Mathilde of Verdun (?-?)

(See 29 generations back)

Richilde of Hainaut
(2 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000037 %)
* 1027 x I. Herman of Mons II. Boudewijn VI, Count of Flanders + 15-3-1086
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Flanders

Child of
Lambert II (Balderik), Count of Leuven (990?-after 1061)
and Oda of Verdun (of Lorraine) (?-?)

(See 30, 29, 28 generations back)

Hendrik II, Count of Leuven
(10 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000019 %)
* 1020 x Adela of the Betuwe + 1079
Hendrik II supported his second cousin Richilde of Hainaut in her unsuccessful efforts to win Flanders back from Count Robrecht "De Fries" who had defeated and killed her son Arnulf III at the battle of Kassel.

Children of
Hendrik II, Count of Leuven (1020-1079)
and Adela of the Betuwe (?-after 1086)

(See 29, 28, 27 generations back)

Godfried I "The Bearded", Duke of Lower-Lorraine, Count of Leuven
(5 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000024 %)
* 1053? x I. Ida of Chiny (1105?) II. Clémence of Bourgogne (after 1117) + 25-1-1139 (Jerusalem)
On 13-5-1106 Count Godfried was made Duke of Lower-Lorraine by Emperor Heinrich V, but by then the title of Duke, for which his ancestors had fought in vain, had become mostly ceremonial. Emperor Heinrich IV had first given the title to Henri I, Count of Limburg, but after it had been taken away by Heinrich V, the Counts of Limburg kept using it anyway, which of course resulted in a feud with the Counts of Leuven. Godfried succeeded in acquiring Antwerpen, which gave him a connection to his domain Orthen, now part of the city of 's-Hertogenbosch. In 1128 Duke Godfried was deposed by King Lotharius, and Walram III, Count of Limburg was made Duke instead. Godfried managed however to hold on to his possessions.

Ida of Leuven
(10 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000037 %)
* 1065? x Boudewijn II, Count of Hainaut (1084) + after 1103
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Flanders

Children of
Godfried I "The Bearded", Duke of Lower-Lorraine, Count of Leuven (1053?-1139)
and Ida of Chiny (1088-between 1117-1121)

(See 28, 26 generations back)

Godfried II, Duke of Lower-Lorraine, Count of Leuven
(4 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000004098 %)
* 1095? x Lutgardis (Liutgard) of Sulzbach (1139?) + 13-6-1142
Godfried, through his marriage to a member of the Wittelsbach family, sided with the "Staufen" in the German war of succession. Emperor Conrad III gave him the guardianship of all Church possessions in his area, and made him Duke of Lower-Lorraine in 1139, after the death of Walram III of Limburg (see above).

Jocelyn of Leuven
* ? + ?

Ida of Leuven
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000075 %)
* between 1105 and 1110 x Arnold II, Count of Kleve (Cleves) (1128?) + before 27-7-1162
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Kleve

Adelicia (Adela) of Leuven
(.. times our ancestor, blood-relationship .. %)
* ? x I. Henry I Beauclerc, King of England (Windsor Castle 2-2-1120/1121) II. William of Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel (1138) + ?

Child of
Godfried II, Duke of Lower-Lorraine, Count of Leuven (1095?-1142)
and Lutgardis of Sulzbach (1115?-after 1162)

(See 27, 26, 25 generations back)

Godfried III, Duke of Lower-Lorraine, Count of Leuven
(4 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000082 %)
* 1140? x I. Margaretha of Limburg (?-1-1155) II. Imagina of Looz (1172) + 21-8-1190
Godfried was still an infant when his father died, which gave the local lords Berthout of Grimbergen (also our ancestors) the opportunity to declare themselves free from the Duke's control. Godfried waged war on his rebellious vassals, and won. He had the support of the German Emperor and increased his area. He ended the feud with Limburg over the title of Duke by marrying Margaretha of Limburg.
For his descendants by his first wife, Margaretha, see below
For his descendants by his second wife, Imagina, see below

Children of
Godfried III, Duke of Lower-Lorraine, Count of Leuven (1140?-1190)
and Margaretha of Limburg (1138-1172?)

(See 26, 24 generations back)

Hendrik I, Duke of Brabant
(3 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000013 %)
* 1165 x I. Mathilde of Alsace (of Lorraine, of Boulogne) (before 30-3-1180) II. Maria of France (Soissons 22-4-1213) + 5-9-1235 (Cologne)
Hendrik succeeded his father in 1190 as Duke and became the most powerful regional ruler in this part of Europe. In 1200, Duke Hendrik defeated his neighbours Count Dirk VII of Holland and Count Otto I of Gelre (who was one of our ancestors) in a battle. The main motive for Dirk VII and Otto I to wage war would have been the competition with Brabant over control of the trade-routes along the Rhine, Waal, IJssel and Meuse rivers. In 1202, Count Dirk VII and his ally Count Otto I were on the offensive again and plundered Hendrik's new city of 's-Hertogenbosch, near the family's old domain of Orthen. The city was meant as the Duke's stronghold on the Meuse river. But the army of Counts Dirk and Otto was beaten on the way back near Heusden by the Duke's forces. The two Counts were both taken prisoner, after which they had to accept the dominance of Duke Hendrik in Lower-Lorraine.
A year later, a war of succession broke out in Holland after Count Dirk VII had died in 1203 without male heirs, but with a daughter Ada (Adelheid) who quickly married Lodewijk, Count of Loon. The couple then gathered support for their claim to the County of Holland against that of Willem, Count Dirk's brother. Lodewijk and Ada were supported by the Bishops of Utrecht and Liège and the Regent of Flanders (not wanting to miss the opportunity to beat his rival Holland). Willem was supported by Duke Hendrik, as well as by the lesser nobility in Holland and the free farmers. Duke Hendrik must have disliked the prospect of being bordered in the west by Ada, the daughter of his former adversary, and in the south by Ada's ambitious husband Lodewijk. There was no German Emperor to decide in this matter because Germany had its own war of succession between the "Welfen" and the "Staufen". These conflicts were mingled with the war between England and France. Duke Hendrik, always eager to increase his own power, switched sides a few times to gain support against his regional rivals Holland, Gelre and Liège. He prevailed over Holland and Gelre, see above, but lost a battle against the Bishop of Liège at Steppes in 1213. Thanks to his timely switch towards King Philip II Augustus France and Emperor Friedrich II of Germany, he could maintain his part of the "condominium" of Maastricht, preventing it to fall into the hands of Liège completely. Hendrik's second wife Maria (the daughter of King Philipe II Augustus of France) was the widow of Count Philipe I of Namur, the brother of Boudewijn VI, Count of Hainaut / Boudewijn IX of Flanders / Boudewijn I, Emperor of Constantinopel.
For his descendants see below

(Saint) Albert of Leuven, Bishop of Liège
* 1165? + 1192
In 1191, Albert was elected Bishop of Liège through the efforts of his brother, Duke Hendrik, who wanted to have an ally on his southern border. Albert's election was however contested by Lotharius of Hochstaden, who had the support of the German Emperor. Albert had to travel to Rome to have his election confirmed by Pope Celestinus III, who also made him a Cardinal. Albert then returned home but he was not allowed to enter the city of Liège. Instead, he went to Reims to officially receive his title, but he was murdered by three German knights shortly after.

Child of
Godfried III, Duke of Lower-Lorraine, Count of Leuven (1140?-1190)
and Imagina of Looz (?-between 1214 and 1220)

(See 25 generations back)

Guillaume of Perwez
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000029 %)
* 1172? x Marie d'Orbais + ? (after 1224)

Child of
Guillaume of Perwez (1172?-after 1224)
and Marie d'Orbais (1175?-after 1233)

(See 24 generations back)

Godefroid of Perwez
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000006 %)
* 1205 x Alix (Adelheid) Berthout (of Grimbergen, of Mechelen) (before 1237) + ?

Child of
Godefroid of Perwez (1205-?)
and Alix (Adelheid) Berthout (of Grimbergen, of Mechelen) (1210?-1254)

(See 23 generations back)

Marie of Perwez
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000012 %)
* 1231? (Leuven) x Philip I, Count of Vianden (1250?) + ?-9-1289
For her descendants see the page on Vianden

Children of
Hendrik I, Duke of Brabant (1165-1235)
and Mathilde of Alsace (of Lorraine, of Boulogne) (1163-1211)

(See 25, 23 generations back)

Maria of Brabant
* 1191? x Willem I, Count of Holland (?-7-1220) + between 9-3-1260 and 14-6-1260
For her husband's family see the page on Holland.

Hendrik II "The Magnanimous", Duke of Brabant
* 1194? x I. Maria of Hohenstaufen (before 22-8-1215) II. Marie of Thuringia (1240?) + 1-2-1248 (Leuven)
Duke Hendrik, as the victorious leader of a coalition within Lower-Lorraine against Conrad of Hochstaden, the Bishop of Cologne, who had turned against Emperor Friedrich II of Germany, was officially given the important fortress of Dalhem on the right bank of the Meuse river, which he already had occupied. He refused the position of "Rooms-Koning" (King of Germany) which was offered to him in 1247. Instead, the Crown went to Hendrik's nephew Willem II, Count of Holland.

Machteld of Brabant
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000012 %)
* ? x Floris IV, Count of Holland (5-11-1214) + 12-12-1267
For the descendants of Floris and Machteld see the page on Holland.) Machteld's father, Duke Hendrik I, must have married his daughter off to Floris IV of Holland as an insurance for peace with his neighbour.

Margaretha of Brabant
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000003 %)
* ? x Gerard IV, Count of Gelre and Zutphen + 21-9-1231
Margaretha's father, Duke Hendrik I, must have married his other daughter off to Gerard IV of Gelre as an insurance for peace with this other neighbour as well. After the death of Count Gerard IV, Duke Hendrik became guardian for Gerard's young son Otto II of Gelre as further proof of his political dominance.
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Gelre.

Godfried of Leuven-Gaesbeek
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000012 %)
* 1209? x Maria van Oudenaerde (before 7-8-1243) + 21-1-1253

Children of
Godfried of Leuven-Gaesbeek (1209?-1253)
and Maria van Oudenaerde (?-1293?)

(See 22 generations back)

Hendrik of Leuven-Gaesbeek
* ? (before 1245) x Isabella van Beveren + ? (after ?-3-1285)

Johanna of Leuven-Gaesbeek
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000024 %)
* ? x Dietrich I of Sponheim (14-4-1253?) + ? (after 2-2-1291)
For her descendants see the page on Sponheim.

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