Koridon (also Coridon and Korridon)
For younger generations of ancestors who are descended from this family:
|see page on||Siebrand|
The origin of the unusual family name "Koridon" (in various spellings) is uncertain. The name first appears in Latin and Greek arcadian poetry
in which an idyllic picture was painted on the innocent lives of shepherds and their nymphs, with lots of singing and dancing in the sunny and beautiful
countryside. One would not immediately see a connecton with our Koridon ancestors, poor hard-working fishing people from Schokland, a small tree-less bog-island in the
"Zuiderzee" which in 1617 lost two thirds of its population from a plague-epidemic, and in later centuries suffered ever more severe floods, resulting in a complete evacuation in 1859
before it would be swallowed completely by the raging waters, which at that time seemed inevitable (see below). The only connection with classical literature that I can think of would
be that Schokland was expected to share the fate of the legendary island of Atlantis.
According to the theory that was told within the Koridon family itself, the founding father was from France (a Protestant Huguenot refugee?) who settled on Schokland and raised a family. There is however no evidence for this. The earliest known members of this family were Roman Catholics, and the family name Koridon was never mentioned in the archives until 1807, when the death of Jacob Jans at sea was officially registered.
All present-day Koridons or Coridons in the Netherlands are probably the descendants of one founding father. Since there could not have been that many different Koridon families in a total population of about 700, all Koridons, and indeed all "Schokkers" must have been related to one another in many ways. Much genealogical and historical information on Schokland and its former inhabitants is available from the "Schokkervereniging" which publishes "Het Schokker Erf", a historical magazine and also has a website. Leida Koridon-Kombrink and Albertus and Bruno Klappe kindly provided a lot of information on our own ancestors who lived there (visit Bruno's homepage).
Schokland has a very interesting history (see Schokland picture gallery). Its name was derived from the old Dutch word for reed, but "shock land" was also very apt because of ever rising waterlevels and violent storms that swept away ever larger parts of this unfortunate place. By the 19th century it had become devoid of trees, and grass or other plants could hardly grow because of the frequent flooding by sea-water and the continuous spray of salt by the strong winds. Agriculture had become impossible long ago, the southern end of the island was already deserted except for the lighthouse-keeper, and the remaining population, mostly very poor people living in wooden sheds, placed close together on a few "terpen" (raised areas) were desperately trying to make a living by catching fish. But the sea-level just kept rising and it became ever more difficult to keep the remaining area dry. There was a disastrous flood in 1825, which cost the lives of 13 people and a third of all cows and sheep. In 1859 what remained of the island had in fact become a swamp, less than 4000 by 200 meters, without any real defences against the sea. By Royal decree it was decided to abandon it. All 635 remaining inhabitants were moved to the mainland by force, in spite of their wish to continue their losing battle and keep their unique community intact. Most houses were demolished to prevent them from returning home.
The island was eventually saved from total destruction thanks to the huge land reclamation project in which the Zuiderzee
was cut off from the North Sea by the 30 Km long "Afsluitdijk", completed in 1932, creating a large sweetwater lake which
was called the "IJsselmeer". The now stabilised waterlevel made it possible to reclaim large areas of land by building dikes
around the designated areas and pumping out the water. In 1941 all waters around Schokland were gone, and the former island
became a slight elevation in the newly created Noord-Oostpolder. The 18th-century church and some wooden houses of the
former village of Middelbuurt remain, one of which has been turned into a museum. At the northern tip of Schokland there
used to be the village of (old) Emmeloord. The village has been demolished, but the former harbour is still there,
now strangely in the middle of agricultural land as far as the eye can see. At the southernmost tip the ruins of the medieval church
can be seen. In 1996 Schokland was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list as a monument to the eternal struggle of the Dutch against the sea.
Floris ? (?-?)
(See 9 generations back)
(blood-relationship 0,195 %)
* 1660? x Jan-maagh Gerritsz (around 1685) +
(Not known if any other children)
Jacob Florissen (1660?-?)
and Jan-maagh Gerritsz (?-?)
(See 8 generations back)
Jan Jacobs (vulgo: "Brechten Jantje")
(blood-relationship 0,39 %)
* 23-10-1688 (Schokland) x Petronella ("Nelle") Peters (Schokland, Ens 23-12-1720, Emmeloord 25-7-1727) + 8-9-1747 (Schokland)
Jan, a fisherman, and his wife were married in the Dutch Reformed Church in Ens, as well as in the Roman Catholic Church in Emmeloord a few days later. In those days, the Roman Catholic faith could only be practiced in private, and all Roman Catholics like the Coridons had to be christened and married in the church in Ens by a Dutch Reformed clergyman, that being the official religion. The ceremonies were then repeated some time later in their "own" church, which was actually at the northern end of Schokland.
(Not known if any other children)
Jan Jacobs (vulgo: "Brechten Jantje") (1688-1747)
and Petronella ("Nelle") Peters (1696-1755)
(See 7 generations back)
1. Maria Jansen
* 13-3-1721 (Schokland) + ?
2. Jacob Jansen
* 6-6-1723 (Schokland) + 27-12-1727
3. Willem Jansen
* 21-1-1726 (Schokland) + 27-2-1726
4. Diewertje Jans
* 7-11-1727 (Schokland) x Jan Jacobsen (21-8-1746) + 4-11-1767 (Schokland)
5. Jacob Jansen
* 3-11-1729 (Schokland) + 10-11-1729
6. Marrigje Jans
* 6-1-1731 (Schokland) + ?
7. Jacob Jansen
* 15-8-1733 (Schokland) + ? (before 13-2-1735)
8. Jacob ("Japik") Jansen "Coridon"
(blood-relationship 0,78 %)
* 13-2-1735 (Schokland, Ens) x Maria Everts Gosen (Schokland, Ens 23-5-1756, Emmeloord 31-5-1756) + 18-2-1807 (Zuiderzee)
The fourth son in this family to be called Jacob was the only one to reach maturity. He and his son Evert died when their fishingboat was wrecked in the heavy snowstorm on 18-2-1807, see below. Until the last, Jacob had protected his grandson Jan, who was saved, see below. Jacob Jans was the first who had "Coridon" as a family name, written down in the official registers after his death in 1807.
9. Klaas Jansen
* 4-9-1737 (Schokland) + ?
10. Klaasje Jansen
* 25-1-1740 (Schokland) x Peter Jacobs (van der Molen) (Schokland 20-5-1759) + 19-10-1808
11. Jacobjen Jansen
* 23-12-1742 (Schokland) + ?
12. Magdalena Jansen
* 4-3-1745 (Schokland) + ?
Jacob Jansen "Coridon" (1735-1807)
and Maria Everts Gosen (1737-1808)
(See 6 generations back)
1. Philonella/Petronella/Cornelia/Nelle ("Petertje", "Nelletje") Jacobsen Coridon
* 6-12-1756 (Schokland, Ens) x I. Jan Peters (Schokland, Emmeloord 20-5-1773) II. Anton ("Theunis") Alberts Zoet + 3-12-1823 (Schokland, Ens)
2. Jan Jacobs Coridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens); christened R.Cath. 1-1-1759 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x Alijda/Aleida Michielsen/Machiels (Gerrits) Klein (Schokland, Ens 2-1-1791, Emmeloord 16-1-1791) + 2-7-1804 (Schokland)
Jan and his wife both died in the influenza-epidemic of 1804.
3. Wilhelmus ("Willem") Jacobs Coridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens); christened R.Cath. 2-10-1761 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x Maria Willems Buijs/Buys (Schokland, Emmeloord 12-4-1795) + 27-5-1835 (Schokland, Ens)
Wilhelmus was a labourer.
4. Petrus ("Peter", "Pieter Japiks") Jacobs Coridon
* 4-8-1763 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x I. Antonia ("Theunisje") Jansen Kok (Schokland, Ens 22-3-1789, Emmeloord 26-4-1789) II. Lijsje Derks Tromp (Schokland 20-11-1821) III. Aleidis Anthonissen ("Aaltien Teunissen") (Kampen 20-11-1826) + 25-10-1833 (Kampen)
Petrus was a labourer. There is a record of him having been paid for working at the wooden sea-defenses of Schokland.
5. Everhardus ("Evert") Jacobs Coridon
(blood-relationship 1,56 %)
* 8-3-1766 (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 9-3-1766 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x Maria Jansen Tromp (Schokland, Ens 13-3-1791, Emmeloord 9-4-1791) + 18-2-1807 (Zuiderzee)
Evert was a labourer and later a fisherman, skipper of his own boat. He, his father Jacob and his son Joannes ("Jan") were out at sea in their fishing boat in the winter of 1806-1807 on what was to be their last trip together. A heavy snowstorm developed. The small boat ran aground close to the village of Doornspijk near Elburg in Gelderland. After the storm had died down on the 20th, one of the "burgemeesters" of Doornspijk had gone to the wreckage and had found the bodies of Jacob and Evert. Jan, barely alive, was found leaning against the body his grandfather Jacob. Jan was then carried ashore and brought back to life. At the time, the full story was written down by "pastoor" Doorenweerd in his diary. A total of eight fishermen from Schokland died during this storm.
6. Catharina ("Trijntje") Jacobsen Coridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 4-6-1768 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x Hein Jacobs Stavenuiter ("Hendrik Hamburg") (Schokland, Ens 12-9-1790, Emmeloord 8-9-1790) + 22-3-1826 (Volendam)
7. Maria ("Marretje") Jacobs Coridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 13-12-1769 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x I. Jan Alberts Karel (Schokland, Ens 27-2-1791, Emmeloord 30-3-1791) II. Claes Alberts Klappe (Schokland, Ens 10-6-1809, Emmeloord 24-6-1809) + 15-8-1827 (Schokland)
Maria's first husband died in the influenza-epidemic of 1804.
8/9. Jacob Jacobsen Coridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 20-12-1772 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x I. Dirkje Lindeboom II. Wilhelmina Groeneboer (Kampen 8-11-1822) III. Hendrica Maria Wissink (Kampen 29-4-1830) + ?
Jacob was a labourer and merchant in Kampen.
8/9. Nicolaas Jacobs Coridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 20-12-1772 (Schokland, Emmeloord) + ?
10. Maria ("Marijtje") Jacobs Coridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 9-10-1774 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x I. Albert Rurik (Schokland, Ens 17-4-1792) II. Bruno ("Bruin") Pieters/Peters Sul (Schokland, Emmeloord 6-12-1801) III. Gerardus ("Gerrit") Klasen Botter (Schokland, Emmeloord 28-7-1837) + 23-12-1845 (Schokland, Emmeloord)
Maria was a "werkvrouw" (woman labourer). Her second husband Bruno was one of the eight fishermen who lost their lives on 18-2-1807. His ship was stranded on the coast near the mouth of the Eems river in the North Sea, and he had died of hunger and cold, as was written down by "pastoor" Doorenweerd in his diary.
11. Joanna ("Janna") Jacobs Coridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 14-8-1778 (Schokland, Emmeloord) + 15-8-1827 (Schokland, Ens)
Everhardus ("Evert") Coridon (1766-1807)
and Maria Jansen Tromp (1767-1807)
(See 5 generations back)
1. Johanna Everts Koridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 26-9-1791 (Schokland) + ? (before 1797)
2. Aleida ("Aaltje") Everts Koridon
(blood-relationship 3,125 %)
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 27-8-1793 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x Willem Siebrand (IJsselmuiden 29-5-1824) + 14-8-1849 (Kampen)
Aaltje was only 14 when she lost both her parents, so she would have taken over many responsibilities for the family. After her marriage she went to live in Kampen.
For her descendants see the page on Siebrand
3. Joannes ("Jan") Everts Koridon
* 9-9-1795 (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 13-9-1795 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x Aafje Frederiks Oud (Kampen 25-4-1822) + 5-7-1875 (Kampen)
Jan, aged 12, was the only survivor in the shipwreck that killed his father and his grandfather Jacob on 18-2-1807 (see above). If we are to believe the story about this shipwreck in the book for children by Jacob Starreveld "Het Leugenschip van Schokland", Jan had lost his balance earlier during the same disastrous trip, causing two of his fingers to be practically torn off by a line full of fishing hooks. There are however no records of this; the author probably wanted to enhance an already very dramatic story.
4. Joanna ("Jannetje", "Jannigje") Evers Koridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 9-12-1797 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x Dubbel Louwen Diender (Geminianus) 3-5-1822 (Kampen) + 29-10-1878 (Kampen)
5. Catharina ("Trijntje") Everts Koridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 3-11-1800 (Schokland, Emmeloord) + ? (before 1805)
6. Jacobus Everts Koridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 7-6-1802 (Schokland, Emmeloord) + ?
7. Catharina ("Trijntje") Everts Koridon
* ? (Schokland, Ens), christened R.Cath. 7-9-1804 (Schokland, Emmeloord) x Jacob Janse Visscher + 30-8-1832 (Kampen)
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