|GRIJP from Nordhorn
A patrician family, holding
important positions in the city's government
From the half of the 17th
century, three families in Nordhorn carry the
surname Grijp, although their name were also
written as Gryep, Grip
But when we look at their first names, they seem
te be related.
Nordhorn is part of the Countship of Bentheim, an
Germany with a strict calvinistic religion.
Unto the end of the 17th century, the
language similar to Dutch was spoken in this region.
Ancestor Rolof Grip
The family branch that was first mentioned is that of
Rolof Grijp. In his lineage the name Grijp seems to be
disappeared after four generations.
Rolof Grip lived in the middle of the 17th century.
In the year 1634 his wife Fenne Küpers was noted as a
citizen of Nordhorn and in 1674, as their son Rudolff
marries, he is already dead.
- Rudolff Gryp, married to Engele Stavermans from
Ootmarsum, was alderman and mayor of Nordhorn in the
years between 1701 and 1714.
- His son
Rudolph Grijp was born at
Nordhorn in 1676. In 1708 he married Aleida Kramer, the
daughter of the mayor of Ootmarsum. Between the years
1712 and 1739 he was successively mayor, alderman and
'loonheer' of Nordhorn. His brother Jan Grijp had
positions as 'keurnoot', 'rotmeester', 'gemeensman' and
- Rudolph had two daughters,
Margaretha (born in 1709) and Aleid (1711),
and a son Willem Grijp. This son was baptised at
Nordhorn on September 17, 1713, he studied theology at
Leiden and married on February 23, 1738, at Enschede with
Geertruid Elshof, the daughter of the mayor. Willem Grijp
was a merchant, and between 1740 and 1772 also mayor and
alderman of Nordhorn. He died on April 25, 1780.
- Willem had three daughters:
(baptised in 1748), Gezina (1750-1784) married in
1770 at Losser to Johannes Stroink, owner of the
cottonmill Katoenweverij J. Stroink & Zn at
Enschede, and Herberdina Margaretha (1752-1795)
married in 1789 at Nordhorn to Petrus Dannenbargh of
The Main Street
('Hauptstraße') of Nordhorn around 1920
is first mentioned around the year 1000, when the city is
noted as "Northornon" in a taxation registry of
the abbey of Werden.
In 1379 Count Bernhard I of Bentheim
grants Nordhorn municipal rights.
The prosperity of the
city is demonstrated by the building of the 'Old Church',
inaugurated in 1495 and still a prime symbol of Nordhorn.
That also goes for the abbey 'Frenswegen', founded in
1394 by Augustine monks.
In the same
the family branch of Reiner Griep. Most of his descendants
stayed to live at Nordhorn, but also in this lineage the name
Grijp seemed to have disappeared.
Reiner Griep married around the year 1640 to Fenne
Ottinck from Lohne; in 1655 he is referred to as the 'guardian'
of Nordhorn. His son:
- Johan Reinersz. Gryp married around 1677 to
Maria Tölners from Hopsten. Anna Catharina
(1645-1733), who married in 1681 at Lingen to Geerd Joan
Brummeleuw, is probably his sister. She lived at Lingen
and had six children.
- Johan's son
Willem Grijp married Aleida
Striks. In 1715, as his wife is noted as the owner of a
bakery in Nordhorn, he is already dead. His brother Anthonie
Grijp is mentioned in 1710, 1716, 1719 and in 1724 in
connection with different positions as a local official
- Willem had
Jan Herman Grijp (born
in 1708), Herman Grijp (1709-1782), first married
to Margaretha van Dorsten and secondly in 1755 to Johanna
Hambecke, daughter of the mayor of Bentheim; between 1740
and 1780 he holds several positions in the local
government of Nordhorn, Jan Grijp (born in 1711)
and Willem Grijp (born in 1714).
- Herman had one daughter:
married in 1763 at Nordhorn to Pieter Theusink from
Zwolle. In 1804 Margaretha lived at Schüttorp.
The Countship 'Bentheim'
and the Dutch language
the Countship Bentheim, of which Nordhorn is part, the
main language was very similar to Dutch till the end of the 19th century.
It was the calvinistic faith, in this region tightly
connected to the Dutch Twenthe, that prevented the people
to converse to speaking German, which was associated with
the Lutheran faith.
Initially neither the government of
Prussia nor that of Hanover had the intention to force
the people to speak German, but from the 19th century on
this language was strongly promoted. In 1853 the Dutch
language was abolished at the schools and at the end of
the 19th century also in local government. Later on the
Dutch language only played a role at home and in the
descendants of the third branch, that of
Grijp, all moved to the Netherlands. They went to Amsterdam or
became vicar in several places in Holland. Out of this family
branch there also arose a family by the name of 'Specht Grijp'.
- Henrich Grijp was mayor, alderman and
van het mout en het klein gemaal' at Nordhorn
between 1703 and 1732.
- His children were: Hendrina
Johanna, (1699-1778), married to Hendrick Hermansz.
Strick, citizen of Zwolle in 1725, coppersmith and
lieutenant of the civil guard; Rudolf Grijp,
married to Aleida Bode from Uelsen in 1730 and mayor and
alderman of Nordhorn; and Henricus Grijp
Barend Grijp; Margaretha,
born around 1733 at Nordhorn and married in 1767 at
Amsterdam to Jacob Vink; Johanna (1739-1795),
married in 1771 at Amsterdam to Barend Johannes Bosman;
and Hendrik Grijp, who in 1764 purchased the
parental estate at Uelsen from his brothers and sisters,
who all live in Amsterdam, for the amount of
2450 Dutch guilders.
- Henricus Grijp,
second son of Henrich, studied theology at Groningen and
Lingen and married in 1733 at Groningen to Anna
Geertruida Marinus. He is a vicar at Metslawier (1730),
Drogenham (1735) and Veenendaal (1739. They had 8
children, 2 of them died as a child:
Grijp (1734-1783) is born at Metslawier, married in
1769 at Opheusden to Gerharda Wilhelmina Specht, and is a
vicar; Egbert Grijp (1736-1795), born at Drogeham,
becomes a citizen of Amsterdam in 1760, working as an
officer at the tobacco custom house; and married in 1766
to Catharina van der Voort; Johanna Willemina
(1739) and Lucas Grijp (1740), both born at
Veenendaal; Henrica (1741-1816), born at
Veenendaal in 1770, married to the theologian dr. Daniël
Albert Reguleth from Amsterdam en buried in 1816 in the
Church of St.Jacob at The Hague; Den Haag; Anna
Geertruida (1741-1813) her twin-sister.
- Oldest son Henricus lived at
Wageningen and had six children: Anna Geertruida
Adriana (1773-1785); Jacoba Maria
(1774-1846), married in 1802 to the notary mr. Gerhard
Haesebroeck from Zutphen, who died in 1815; Henrica
Catharina, born in 1776; Geertruida Clasina
(1778-1785); Philippus (1781-1843) and Henricus
Egbert Grijp (1784-1845), a broker from Rotterdam.
description of the coat of arms of the Grijp family is:
"In red a golden griffin. On the helmet: a walking
griffin. Covers in gold and red."
The coat of arms
of Specht Grijp:
"Divided in four: I and IV the coat of arms of
Grijp; II and III three black woodpeckers ('specht') on a
silver background ."
Their son Philippus combined both of his
parents surnames, and carried the name Philippus
Specht Grijp. He married in 1809 at Vollenhove to the
vicars daughter Catharina Sanders from Kuinre. After she
died in 1820 he remarried in 1823 at Tiel to Catharina
Elisabeth van der Pels from Amsterdam. Ds Philippus
Specht Grijp is a vicar, at last at Tiel, and he died in
1843 at Drumpt. From his two marriages he left behind ten children Specht Grijp, and thus doing he is the
ancestor of the Dutch family with that name.
SOME OTHER Grijp's
||Apart from these three families,
there are more people by the name Grijp that appear in
the records of Nordhorn and the villages around it.
As yet they do not fit in the famlily lines, although
they seem to be related.
- Hendryck Gryep, alderman at
Nordhorn in 1648 and 1649, married to Greet Haeseforths
who at February 16, 1650 becomes a citizen of Nordhorn.
- Catharina Grieps (Gryp) from Nordhorn. She married
in 1680 at Lingen to Johannes Probsting, receptor and
organ-player at Lingen, and had eight children.
- Gerd Jan Grijp who, according to the Court of Law
of Lingen at November 22, 1689, owed 32 rixdollars to
- Reindert Gryp, young man from Hesepe, married on
June 7, 1695, at Lingen to Anna Hengenas from Wachendorf.
- Reinhard Wilhelm Grijp, in 1711 referred to as a
local official of Nordhorn.
- Jan Hendrik Grijp, referred to as a local official
of Nordhorn in the years 1712 and 1718.